The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located along both side of your spine, behind your ribs and behind your belly button. Each kidney is about the size of a huge fist and is around 4 to 5 inches long.
The kidneys are in charge of filtering your blood. They eliminate waste, maintain the body’s fluid balance, and maintain proper electrolyte levels. About 40 times a day, all of the blood in your body travels through them.
The kidney receives blood, removes waste, and adjusts salt, water, and minerals as needed. The blood that has been filtered is returned to the body. Waste is converted to urine, which gathers in the kidney’s pelvis – a funnel-shaped structure that drains to the bladder through a tube called the ureter.
If blood supply to a kidney is interrupted, a portion or all of it may perish. Kidney failure can result as a result of this.
The study of the proper functioning of the kidneys, as well as its disorders, is referred to as nephrology.
Doctors that specialise in kidney diseases are known as nephrologists. Kidney problems are becoming more common across the world, with millions of individuals needing treatment for renal damage or chronic kidney disease each year (CKD).
Because of the chronic health disorders that occur at the same time, having your kidneys fail is much more likely than having your liver fail. Diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and hypertension are all conditions that can lead to kidney disease. It can also lead to the development of high blood pressure and heart disease, even if you didn’t have these problems previously.
Pyelonephritis is the infection of the kidney pelvis. Bacteria can infect the kidney, causing pain in the back and fever. The most prevalent cause of pyelonephritis is the spread of germs from an untreated urinary infection.
Under Glomerulonephritis, the kidney is attacked by an overactive immune system, resulting in inflammation and some damage. The presence of blood and protein in the urine is a frequent symptom of glomerulonephritis. Kidney failure is also a possibility.
Minerals in urine create crystals (stones), which can become large enough to impede urine flow (nephrolithiasis). It’s regarded as one of the most agonising conditions.
Nephrotic syndrome is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and leak a lot of protein in the urine. Edema (swelling of the legs) is a possible sign. In cases of kidneys, it is necessary to consult the best kidney specialist in Gurgaon who can help you with the right diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a hereditary illness that causes enormous cysts in both kidneys, obstructing their function.
Acute renal failure (kidney failure) is a rapid deterioration in the function of your kidneys. Acute renal failure, which can be reversible, can be caused by dehydration, an obstruction in the urinary system, or kidney injury.
Our highly trained specialists understand how kidney illness or malfunction might influence other regions of your body. A primary care physician may be able to help in the early stages of kidney illness, but complicated diseases require the services of the best nephrologist near you.
Visit Medharbour for the best nephrologist near you and get your disease and illness treated the right way.