Gynecologist and Obstetrician in Gurgaon

Ever since the evolution of mankind , females have had issues with the reproductive system . In ancient India , natural ingredients such as herbs and spices were used for reproductive health. As time passed by and with the advent of modern medical science and technology ,there has been a revolution in diagnosis, medicinal treatment ,surgery and aftercare of women.Although India has progressed a lot but a study estimates that 1.3 million Indian women died from maternal causes over the last two decades. Maternal and overall female reproductive health is the backbone of an economy hence all steps and measures should be taken to restore it. At Medharbour, we understand how important is the well being of the vulva, vagina ,uterus, cervix, ovaries and breasts for a woman.

Who is a Gynaecologist?

A Gynaecologist is a doctor who takes care of your reproductive system right from menstruation to menopause and thereafter.An Obstetrician takes care of you from pregnancy planning to the delivery of your child . The two specialised branches are correlated and are often  studied interrelatedly.

In India , one needs to qualify MBBS followed by post graduate degree in medical science – MS .,along with which a high grade internship is necessary to become a competent and expert healthcare provider.

Tests and scans recommended by a Gynaecologist

Pelvic ultrasound scan is the most effective imaging modality used to examine the ovaries and uterus.It is also used during pregnancy to monitor the health and development of the embryo/foetus.

Other than USG , your gynaec may ask you for biopsy, MRI and other scans depending on the case, it’s severity and necessity.

Diseases addressed by a Gynaecologist

This very complex system in females is engrossed with  ‘n’ number of ailments.

Let’s check out a list of diseases of the reproductive system tackled by gynaecologists :

  • Cancer : cancer can overtake any cell of your body , which doesn’t exclude the female reproductive system. Cancer of the uterus , fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva is often heard of.
  • Incontinence of urine : women , after vaginal delivery or after attaining a particular age , loose bladder control which causes them to pee even if they sneeze .
  • Amenorrhea : absence of menstrual cycle is called amenorrhea. It can be a primary amenorrhea (absence of menstruation by the age of 15 , usually due to hormonal disturbance) or , secondary amenorrhea (happens to somebody who had periods in the past. Usually pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause)
  • Dysmenorrhoea :Cramps and pelvic pain with menstruation, with common causes such as heavy flow, passing clots, uterine fibroids or endometriosis.
  • Infertility: inability to bear a child despite timely unprotected sex  is called infertility.This is due to hormonal fluctuations and trouble with ovulation in most cases .
  • Menorrhagia : Menorrhagia is the medical term for menstrual periods with abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding which causes uneasiness to do routine work .
  • Infections of the vagina , cervix , uterus: infections in this area can cause inflammation, itching,redness,discomfort, inability to conceive and even miscarriage.
  • Urinary tract infection: A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra usually affected by bacteria.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome : often heard the word ,PCOS ? Yes we are talking about it.  Symptoms include period irregularity, excess hair growth and acne. In this case , the ovaries get enlarged with a small cyst sitting on outer edges.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: treatable by a Gynaecologist and often self diagnosed,Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is an intense form of PMS that includes physical and behavioural symptoms that usually resolve with the onset of menstruation.
  • Postmenopausal osteoporosis: osteoporosis is directly related to a sudden decrease in oestrogen hormone levels in the body which happens at the time of menopause

This list just tells about a few of the wide scope of diseases cured by gynaecologists in Medharbour.

Planning , pregnancy and post delivery care

Planning for the pregnancy can be fulfilling for parents , it brings in hope and happiness that’s priceless . Many couples are able to conceive easily while others face a lot of problems . They either have hormonal imbalances , infection issues , ovulation date problems etc among many other fatal reasons , and there’s where the obstetrician comes into action. She guides you through thick and thin of getting pregnant. The 9 months of pregnancy isn’t the same for every female .You might face insomnia, swelling, nausea , dizziness, overweight or underweight of foetus , foetal ailments , diabetes, blood pressure issues, and so on and so forth.

Your obstetrician will medicate you , get your ultrasound and blood tests done at regular intervals and will make sure everything is going well with you and your baby’s health. And finally , your doctor will help you deliver with a c-section or vaginal delivery as you chose or as the need be . Post delivery care such as visiting the new mother,checking her vitals and dressing her wounds is also part of the service of an obstetrician.

Surgery and procedures performed by a Gynaecologist

Colposcopy: Your gynaecologist may use a magnifying lens with light to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina to check if there’s any abnormality in your cells .

Dilation and curettage : This procedure is very often used by doctors after a miscarriage. It is used to clear abnormal tissues in the uterus.

Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is a surgery to remove the uterus. Your gynaecologist may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, other parts of the reproductive system may also be removed.

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure: Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue in a woman’s cervix or vagina. It is used as part of the diagnosis and treatment for areas that are abnormal or cancer.

Breast conserving surgery : Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) may be used as part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. It is sometimes called a lumpectomy or a partial mastectomy depending upon the amount of tissue removed.

Mammogram:if you have a breast problem such as a lump, pain, or discharge from a nipple. Your doctor may order one screening test. The test can look for breast cancers, non cancer tumours, and cysts before apparent.

Mastectomy : Mastectomy is breast surgery for the removal of breast and other nearby tissues such as lymph nodes.

This is either done in women who have cancer or who are at a great risk of having it.

A note from Medharbour, Gurgaon

 The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists recommend girls to have their first gynaecological visit between the age of 13-15 . We would highly suggest you visit a gynaecologist near you as soon as you hit puberty. Medharbour multispeciality hospital has the best Gynaecologist in Gurgaon.We offer all forms of female surgeries in a sterile environment, treat infertility and assure you an amazing reproductive health.