The esophageal, small intestine, stomach, colon, and rectum, as well as the pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, and liver, are all studied under gastroenterology. It entails a thorough understanding of the gastrointestinal organs’ normal function (physiology), which includes material movement through the stomach and intestine (motility), digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, waste removal from the system, and the liver’s role as a digestive organ.

Gastroenterologists are doctors who specialize in this discipline. They normally have 8 years of pre-medical and medical school, a year of internship (if not included in the residency), 3 years of internal medicine residency, and three years of gastrointestinal fellowship. Some gastrointestinal trainees will finish a “fourth year” in transplant hepatology, inflammatory bowel disease, advanced interventional endoscopy, motility, or other areas (although this is frequently their seventh year of graduate medical study).

Medharbour’s gastroenterology service covers both surgical and nonsurgical procedures. We have a team of Gastroenterologists in Gurgaon who are highly skilled and experienced. Colonoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and liver biopsy are all diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed by gastroenterologists.

An endoscopy is a procedure in which a gastroenterologist examines the interior of the body with a camera attached to a long, narrow tube called an endoscope. The endoscope is inserted into the esophagus through the mouth, throat, and esophagus. It monitors visuals by sending them back to a screen. An endoscopy may be performed by a gastroenterologist to explore symptoms such as chronic heartburn, nausea, and vomiting, bleeding, swallowing difficulty, stomach discomfort, and unexplained weight loss.

Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are quite akin to endoscopy, except that the tube is placed in the rectum instead of the mouth by the gastroenterologist. During a colonoscopy, a gastroenterologist may observe the whole colon and rectum. They can only inspect the rectum and lower colon using a sigmoidoscopy. Gastroenterologists may be searching for early indicators of colon or rectum cancer, the cause of bowel habit changes, or the explanation of particular symptoms like stomach discomfort, rectal bleeding, or unexplained weight loss during these operations. 

Gastroenterologists will remove one or more polyps from the gut lining during a polypectomy. Polyps on the colon are noncancerous growths. They’re rather common. During a colonoscopy, the gastroenterologist will either remove the polyps with wire loop forceps or make use of an electric current to burn them out.

Gastroenterologists will stretch out a narrowed section of the esophagus during esophageal dilatation. Acid reflux can scar this muscle tube, causing it to constrict and make it difficult to swallow food. Excess tissue layers, esophageal cancer, and radiation therapy scarring can all result in the same situation. The gastroenterologist extends the tube by inflating a balloon or using a plastic dilator. This is commonly done during an endoscopic procedure.

Visit Medharbour, if you’re seeking the best Gastrologist in Gurgaon. At Medharbour, we have made a commitment to cure. And our Gastroenterology unit is one of the best in Gurgaon and nearby areas. If you ever need us, we are here.